HIV AIDS has been in India for more than 11 years now. Within a very short span of time AIDS has appeared as a very serious threat and problem to India and the world. Half the population of our country is adult who fall under the “sexually active age group”. The first HIV AIDS case in India was found in the year 1986, after which HIV AIDS cases in India has been detected in all the union territories and states of our country.
The spread of AIDS cases have been uneven in India. The southern part of the nation has been more affected in comparison to other parts. The initial HIV AIDS cases were accounted among the sex workers in Chennai and Mumbai which slowly engulfed the whole area. By the year 1996, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Manipur together reported 77 % of the AIDS cases in India, Maharashtra thereby accounting for half the numbers alone.
Such a rapid spread of AIDS in the country has its root cause in the alarming factors like labor immigration and mobility from the backward areas to the advanced regions, lack of awareness and low literacy rates, gender disparity, “sexually transmitted infections” and “Reproductive Tract Infections” to list a few.
However the most encouraging news for India has been the fact that the HIV AIDS case statistics in India has shown a considerable reduction. Rates of AIDS affected cases have reduced by more than half from 5.7 million to 2.5 million. India is also not the country with highest number of AIDS cases. What is most encouraging and appreciable is the effort made and the steps taken by the government and the NGOs all across the country, to ensure that AIDS can be controlled. Various policies and awareness programs taken up by the government at various levels have really helped in a positive way. Awareness levels have risen to more than 70% in urban areas and about 30% in the rural areas.
However, we just hope that this sense of optimism doesn’t make us satisfied with what we have achieved. We have a long way to go before AIDS can be completely eradicated. The treatment is in its initial stage. Awareness should spread at a fast pace especially in the rural areas where it is considerably low. The medical institutions needs to be more careful and many more organizations should come up for this cause. The government and the NGOs of India coupled with people’s cooperation can bring a huge change in the whole scenario of the HIV AIDS issue. Let’s hope for the best!!!