The Forest cover of India and its Environment Impact
India has 21 Percent of her geographical area under forest cover. According to the State Forest Report 2009, in the last 10 years, forest cover in the country has increased by 3.31 million hectares, showing an average 0.46% increase every year.
Few interesting observations are
- Dense forest has not declined. It has improved in last 10 years.
- Moderately dense forests are not improving. These are the forests which are outside the national parks and sanctuaries of the country.
- India’s forest and tree cover neutralize over 11% of its global warming gas emissions at 1994 levels. As per the report, this is equivalent to offsetting 100% emissions from all energy used in residential and transport sectors, or about 40% of emissions from farms.
- North- East India occupies 25 percent of India’s forest cover
- Biggest Losses in forest cover in absolute terms were recorded in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, and Chhattisgarh.