With the growth and development of the electronic media, the telecom industry in India is fast growing as one of the prosperous and developing sectors. A major role is played by the telecom sector in our daily life. It is because of the developments in the telecom industry and its technologies that now we can communicate with people even over long distances. In the age of communication and information, digitally improved communication devices such as internet, mobiles and satellites are leading to expansion in order to make communication technology reach widely to people. This has resulted in huge demands for efficient and skilled professionals in the sector of Telecommunication.
An important part of Electronic Engineering, Telecommunication deals with different types of information as well as transmission networks. It is basically the exchange of information over distances, with the help of various electronic means. It deals with the many communication systems like radio, cables, satellite communications, radar, TV, navigational communication tools etc. Telecommunication engineering comprises of designing and manufacturing and also the operation of the devices involved. This interesting section of the engineering industry is gaining immense popularity with time. The diverse services offered by the telecom industry, makes it even more a lucrative and sought after profession among the young generation.
The increasing requirements in the field of wireless and digital communication have created huge demands for telecommunication professionals. Those interested in sectors such as signal processing, microelectronic devices, data networking, compression, coding, encryption and transmission can definitely explore a career in Telecommunication.
The main areas where telecommunication focuses are research and development, servicing, production, marketing and sales, teaching etc. Students having a strong foundation as well as a liking for subjects such as Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics can go for a career in Telecommunication.
Courses and Eligibility
If you desire to go for a B.E or B. Tech degree in Telecommunications, the minimum eligibility criterion is the completion of 10+2 or equivalent with Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics as the combination of subjects along with a good percentage of marks. In some of the universities in India, those with a diploma in telecommunication engineering or a B.Sc. degree are entitled for the admission to B.E. course.
For post graduation courses in Telecommunication that is M.E or M.Tech, one needs to have a bachelor’s degree in telecommunication. Apart from the post graduate diploma and certificate courses, some institutes in India also offer MBA programs in Telecommunication. The minimum eligibility criterion for pursuing MBA in this field is a graduate degree in Telecommunication.
For admission, the candidates are also required to sit for an entrance test. Admission to IITs takes place through the Joint Entrance Exam that is JEE. The other important institutes take in students through the All India Engineering/Pharmacy/Architecture Entrance Examination that is AIEEE. Some of the institutes also have their individual entrance tests either at the national or state level.
At the Symbiosis Institute of telecom management student desiring to go for MBA are admitted on the combined score at the Symbiosis National Aptitude Test (SNAP), Group Discussion and Personal Interview.
In Amity Institute of Telecom Technology and Management located in Noida, students are admitted through MAT, CAT or GMAT score.
At the national level, the apex body of electronics and telecommunication is the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (IETE). Both graduate ship examination that is AMIETE – Associate Membership of Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers as well as diploma examination that is DIPIETE – Diploma of Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers in Electronics and Telecommunication and Computer Science and Engineering streams, are conducted by this body.
The duration of the BE or B.Tech courses in Telecommunication consists of 4 years while the post graduate diploma, ME, M.Tech or MBA courses consist of 2 years duration. While the diploma courses are of 1 year, the certificate courses are generally of 3 months.
Telecommunication courses in India makes the students aware of the different telecommunication devices like cable TV, satellites, mobile phones, computer networking, navigation, radar etc. Emphasis is also given on mobile telephony, GSM architecture, wireless communication, CDMA, GPRS network, internet protocol media system, voice over internet protocol, symbian operating system, designing optical networks and designing data network etc.
Some of the popular programs in Telecommunication are:
- B.E. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- B.Tech. Telecommunication Engineering
- B.E. Telecommunication Engineering
- B.Tech. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- Certification Course for Telecom and Wireless Professional
- Diploma in Telecommunication Technology
- Diploma in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (DIPIETE/ AMIETE)
- M.E. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- M.B.A. Telecommunication Systems Management
- M.Tech. Networking and Telecommunications
- M.Tech. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- Post Graduate Diploma in Telecommunication
A Telecommunication professional to be successful must possess certain attributes:
- Excellent communication skills
- Must have skills to evaluate situations
- Organizational capability
- Ability to take quick decisions
- Good analytical skills
- Ability to solve problems
- Should have teamwork skills
- Knowledge of computers, both software as well as hardware
- An eye for details
- Must have an inventive and creative mind
- Should be proficient in public speech, project management and technical writing Sustained attention
- Knowledge of mathematics, science, and various computer programs
In the recent times a career in Telecommunication is witnessing a rapid increase in scope, in India. Telecommunication Engineers basically deals with establishing and developing communication with the help of telephones, radar, radio, telegraphs, tele printers etc. Their work consists of designing, operating, manufacturing, installing, maintaining and troubleshooting of the various telecom devices. The many areas where the Telecommunication engineers have wide prospects include the Telephone industry, microwave radio systems, computer industry, earth stations that use satellite dishes, satellite communications, fiber optics communication systems, cellular phone industry, etc.
The telecommunication professionals can work as engineers, test engineers, application engineers, software engineers, customer support staff, product managers, repairers, installers, power distributors, power reactor operators, dispatchers, real-time computer systems developer, telecom system solutions engineer, DSP chip design engineer, video engineer, image processor, neural network engineer etc.
The Cable and the satellite networks, railways or police wireless organizations, information and broadcasting sectors, quality assurance, sales, telecommunication service providers, aerospace industry, design development, production, servicing, mobile phone service providers are among the other areas where the telecommunication personnel can give their career a fly.
Graduates who are excellently skilled in designing, installing and troubleshooting are always in huge demand in the various telecommunication companies like Vodafone, VSNL, Airtel, BSNL, Tata Indicom, Nokia, Reliance, Siemens, and Motorola etc. BSF, CRPF and the various defense organizations also recruit telecommunication professionals. They can also work in sectors like Research and Development, Sales and Marketing and Teaching.
Insitutes in India
Army Institute of Technology, Pune (Maharashtra)
Dighi Hills, Alandi Road , Pune (Pune Dist.) – 411015
Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Ahmednagar (Maharashtra)
Sangamner , Ahmednagar (Ahmednagar Dist.) – 422608
Assam Engineering College, Guwahati (Assam)
P.O.Jalukbari , Guwahati (Kamrup (Guwahati) Dist.) – 781013
Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg (Chhattisgarh)
Bhilai House , Durg (Durg Dist.) – 491001
Bengal Engineering and Science University, Howrah (West Bengal)
P.O.Botanical Garden, Shibpur , Howrah (Howrah Dist.) – 711103
Cusrow Wadia Institute of Technology, Pune (Maharashtra)
19, Late Prin. V. K. Joag Path , Pune (Pune Dist.) – 411001
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya : Institute of Engineering and Technology, Indore (Madhya Pradesh)
DAVV, Khandwa Road , Indore (Indore Dist.) – 452017
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune (Maharashtra)
Sr. No. 124 & 126, A/p Ambi, MIDC Road, Tal Maval, Talegaon Dabhade , Pune (Pune Dist.) – 410506
D.K.T.E. Society’s Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji (Maharashtra)
Rajwada, P.O.Box. No.130 , Ichalkaranji (Kolhapur Dist.) – 416115
Government College of Engineering, Amravati (Maharashtra)
Kathora Naka , Amravati (Amravati Dist.) – 444604
Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
Railway Station Road, Osmanpura , Aurangabad (Aurangabad Dist.) – 431005
Government Engineering College, Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh)
Jagdalpur (Bastar Dist.) – 494005
Government Engineering College, Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh)
Koni , Bilaspur (Bilaspur Dist.) – 495009
J.S.P. (Janata Shikshan Prasarak) Mandal’s Babasaheb Naik College of Engineering, Pusad (Maharashtra)
215 Karla Road, Near Sooth Girni , Pusad (Yavatmal Dist.) – 445215
Goa College of Engineering, Ponda (Goa)
Farmagudi , Ponda (South Goa Dist.) – 403401
C.M.R. Institute of Technology (C.M.R.I.T.), Bangalore (Karnataka)
No.132, Kundalahalli, I.T. Park Road, Near AECS Layout , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560037
Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka)
Dayananda Sagar Institutions, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560078
B.M.S. Institute of Technology, Bangalore (Karnataka)
P.B.No. 6443, Avalahalli, Yelahanka, Doddaballapura Main Road , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560064
Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore (Karnataka)
Near Janana Bharathi campus , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560056
K.L.E. Society’s College of Engineering and Technology, Belgaum (Karnataka)
Udyambag , Belgaum (Belgaum Dist.) – 590008
Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur (Karnataka)
BH Road , Tiptur (Tumkur Dist.) – 572202
Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering, Shimoga (Karnataka)
PB No. 128, Navile , Shimoga (Shimoga Dist.) – 577201
M.S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore (Karnataka)
Vidya Soudha, MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560054
P.E.S. Institute of Technology (P.E.S.I.T.), Bangalore (Karnataka)
100 Feet Ring Road, BSK III Stage , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560085
R.V. College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka)
R. V. Vidyanikethan Post, 8th Mile, Mysore Road , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560059
M.V.J. College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka)
Near ITPB, Channasandra , Bangalore (Bangalore (Bengaluru) Dist.) – 560067
Rural Engineering College, Bhalki (Karnataka)
Bhalki (Bidar Dist.) – 595328
University College of Engineering, Burla (Orissa)
P.O. Burla Engineering College , Burla (Sambalpur Dist.) – 768018
Centum Learning Centre, New Delhi (Delhi)
Neelagagan, Mandi Road, Sultanpur, Mehrauli , New Delhi (Delhi) – 110030
University Of Hyderabad Centre For Distance Education, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
Centre for Distance Education, University of Hyderabad, Central University P.O. Hyderabad (Hyderabad Dist.) – 500046
Indian Institute of Technology (I.I.T.) : Department of Management Studies, New Delhi (Delhi)
IV Floor, Vishwakarma Bhavan, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas , New Delhi (Delhi) – 110016
International Institute of Information Technology : School of Management, Pune (Maharashtra)
P-14, Pune Infotech Park, Phase – 1, Hinjawadi , Pune (Pune Dist.) – 411 057